NAMING ALTERNATIVE MEDIA : CITIZEN'S

DEFINITIONS

  • According to Clemencia Rodriguez, a universal cultural change within the mediascape has occured : media users became media producers. She defines citizens' media' as a concept 'that implies a collective embracing of new media and interaction, in a way that contests social codes, legitimised identities and institutionalised social relations, through a means of empowering the community'. Moving away from the original concept of media whereby “communication is sent from one place and received in many places by a large audience”, Citizens’ media’ encourages a two-way media process, reflecting participatory democracy and greater media access through networking, and broadcasting from citizen to citizen1).
  • “The notion of citizen journalism encompasses a wide range of practices and experiments running from opening traditional media to citizen participation in the news process, to locally based reporting for local or global networks, to citizen expression in the blogosphere (and more recently in the vlogosphere, or video blogosphere) that can be characterized as a networked structure of storytelling […] Rather than specific content, a particular business model, or the adoption of certain journalistic routines, what defines citizen journalism is a move toward openness of information; horizontal structures of news gathering and news telling; blurred lines between content production and use; and diffused accountability based more on reputation and meaning than on structural system hierarchies.”2).
  • For Andrew Keen, the “citizen journalists” refers to “amateur pundits, reporters, writers, commentators, and critics on the blogosphere”, and is an euphemism for 'journalism by nonjournalists' or as Nicholas Lemann, Dean of the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, described them in The New Yorker: people who are not employed by a news organization but perform a similar function” 3)
  • For Stuart Allan, “despite its ambiguities, the term 'citizen journalism' appeared to capture something of the countervailing ethos of the ordinary person's capacity to bear witness, thereby providing commentators with a useful label to characterize an ostensibly new genre of reporting […] It is described variously as 'grassroots journalsm', 'open source journalism', 'participatory journalism', 'hyperlocal journalism', 'distributed journalism', or 'networked journalism' (as well as “user-generated content'), among other terms” 5)
  • For An Nguyen, citizen journalism can be understood as “the active efforts of citizens in collecting, analyzing, reporting, and disseminating news and information about current affairs”6)
  • Jay Rosen considers citizen journalism appears “when the people formerly known as the audience employ the press tools they have in their possession to inform one another”7)

introduction/defining_alternative_media/naming/citizen.txt · Last modified: 2011/07/09 20:40 (external edit)