Protest, direct action, Riot / Protesta, acción directa, disturbio / Manifestation, action directe, émeute / Protesto, Distúrbio

  1. Asen, R. (2001). Representing the State in South Central Los Angles. In R. Ansen & D. C. Brouwer (Eds.), Counterpublics and the State (pp. 279). Albany: State university of New York Press.
  2. Bey, Hakim (1991) “The temporary autonomous zone,” in T.A.Z.: the temporary autonomous zone, ontological anarchy, poetic terrorism. New York: Autonomedia: 95-141.
  3. Boyle, M. P., McCluskey, M. R., Devanathan, N., Stein, S. E., & McLeod, D. (2004). The Influence of Level of Deviance and Protest Type on Coverage of Social Protest in Wisconsin from 1960 to 1999. Mass Communication & Society, 7(1), 43-60.
  4. Brasted, M. (2005). Framing Protest: The Chicago Tribune and the New York Times during the 1968 Democratic Convention. Atlantic Journal of Communication, 13(1), 1-25.
  5. Chesters, G., & Welsh, I. (2004). Rebel colours: 'framing' in global social movements. The Sociological Review, 314-335.
  6. Crimp, Douglas with Adam Rolston (1990) AIDS Demo Graphics. Seattle: Bay Press.
  7. Delicath, J. W., & Deluca, K. M. (2003). Image Events, the Public Sphere, and Argumentative Practice: The Case of Radical Environmental Groups. Argumentation, 17(3), 315.
  8. Doolittle, R. J. (1976). Riots as Symbolic: A Criticism and Approach. Central States Speech Journal, 27, 310-317.
  9. Giugni, M. (2004). Social protest and policy change ecology, antinuclear, and peace movements in comparative perspective. Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield.
  10. Goldenberg, S. (2005, Thursday January 20, 2005). Protesters refuse to stand on ceremony The Guardian.
  11. Kerr, H. P. (1959). The Rhetoric of Political Protest. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 45(2), 146.
  12. Keum, H., Hillback, E. D., Rojas, H., de Zuniga, H. G., Shah, D. V., & McLeod, D. M. (2005). Personifying the Radical: How News Framing Polarizes Security Concerns and Tolerance Judgements. Human Communication Research, 31(3), 337-364.
  13. Koerner, B. I. (2003). Can Miami Really Ban Giant Puppets? [Electronic Version]. Slate: Explainer Answers to your questions about the news., 2006. Retrieved March 2006 from
  14. Lofland, J. (1985). Protest studies of collective behavior and social movements. Oxford.
  15. MacKay, C., LL. D. (1841/1932). Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and The Madness of Crowds (1st ed. Vol. 1, 2 ). London: L.C. Page and Company.
  16. MacKay, K. (2002). The Trade Unions and Contemporary Protest: Solidarity and Symbolic Protest: Lessons for Labour from the Québec City Summit of the Americas. 50. Retrieved February 2006, from
  17. McGeady, M. (2003). Writing dissent, taking radical ideas from the margins to the mainstream/dissent events, protest, the media and the political gimmick in Australia. Media International Australia Incorporating Culture & Policy, 162.
  18. McLeod, D. (1995). Communicating deviance: The effects of television news coverage of social protest. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 39(1), 4.
  19. McLeod, D., & Dentenber, B. H. (1999). Framing effects of television news coverage of social protest. Journal of Communication, 49(3), 3.
  20. McLeod, D. M., & Hertog, J. K. (1998). Social control, social change and the mass media's role in the regulation of protest groups. Ames: Iowa State University Press.
  21. Mitchell, G. R. (2004). Public argument action research and the learning curve of new social movements Argumentation & Advocacy, 40(4), 209-225.
  22. Montagner, K. (2001). The Whole World is Watching. Australian Screen Education(25), 14.
  23. Neilson, B. (2002). Bodies of Protest: performing citizenship at the 2000 Olympic Games. Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, 16(1), 13-25.
  24. Opp, K. D., & Gern, C. (1993). Dissident groups, personal networks, and spontaneous cooperation: The East German revolution of 1989. American Sociological Review, 58(5), 659-680.
  25. Oppenheimer, M. (1963). Current Negro Protest Activities and the Concept of Social Movement. Phylon, 24(2), 154-159.
  26. Pierce, R., & Converse, P. E. (1989). Attitudinal Roots of Popular Protest: The French Upheval of May 1968. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 1(3), 221-241.
  27. Ream, T. (2000). Understanding Police Claims of Protester Violence. Retrieved March 2006, from
  28. Robinson, J. P. (1970). Public reaction to political protest: Chicago 1968. Public Opinion Quarterly, 34(1), 1-9.
  29. Ryan, C. (1991). Prime time activism: Media strategies for grassroots organizing (1st ed.). Boston, MA: South End Press.
  30. Scott, A., & Street, J. (2000). From media politics to e-protest Information, Communication & Society, 3(2), 215-240.
  31. Selby, G. S. (2001). Framing Social Protest: The Exodus Narrative in Martin Luther King's Montgomery Bus Boycott Rhetoric. Journal of Communication & Religion, 24(1), 68-93.
  32. Short, B. (1991). Earth First! and the rhetoric of moral confrontation. Communication Studies, 42, 172-188.
  33. Smith, D. H. (1967). Social protest and the oratory of human rights. Today's Speech, 15, 2-8.
  34. Watkins, S. C. (2001). Framing protest: News media frames of the million man march. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 18(1), 83.
  35. Weinstein, H., & Rohrilich, T. (2000, August 12, 2000). Judge Bars LAPD From Preempting Protest Activities Court: Police are enjoined from seizing convention demonstrators' materials and, except in emergencies, can't enter their headquarters without a federal order. Los Angles Times.
bibliography/ams_category/protest_directaction_riot.txt · Last modified: 2020/12/20 20:55 (external edit)